This word is used in scientific community to describe
how feces from an infected individual reaches the mouth
of another person, to cause disease. In simple and crude
terms, it means that one has to eat minute amount of
patients feces to get certain infections (Diarrhea,
Typhoid or Cholera).
Most infections cause by house fly happens this way. The
fly sits on open garbage, animal or human feces and
carries it on its feet, to open food and transplants it
there. Any one eating that food unknowingly eats the
garbage/feces and gets sick.
Infected water of river and ponds is another important
source. When the towns sever is dumped in the rivers and
ponds where people bathe, they unknowingly or knowingly
drink some water and get infection with sever contents.
Studies on the water of Ganges(Holy river GANGA) shows
that it water is full of Cholera causing bacteria.
Another common source of this contamination is ground
water Open garbage or feces in minute portions permeates
through the ground to the under water supply. This
process is helped by rain. Most wells and hand pumps in
India tap the superficial layer of water around 30 -100
feet. This layer is above the rock layer that can filter
the germs. Deep underground water with pure water lies
below 200-300 feet. People using hand pumps and well
water unknowingly ingest portions of garbage and feces
in the surrounding land that has gone in and mixed with
this superficial water tablet.
Animals are also attracted to the garbage and eat it.
They get infected and transmit the infecting agents in
their feces. Cows, dogs and Rats then defecate in and
around our neighbor hood and inside our homes( mice).
Lastly, open garbage and feces, gets in the air. Disease
spores get in the air like the pollens from trees. We
get infection by breathing it or by eating food that was
left open to air.
Most Diarrheas, Typhoid , Cholera, worms in India happen
by this method.
(Spelling: Feces = Faeces, Feco-oral= Faeco-oral)